The International Women’s Day
The International Women’s Day has a long tradition. It goes back to the workers’ movement of the mid-19th to the 20th century. First decisive moments were demonstrations and strikes of textile workers in the United States since 1858. The first International Women’s Day took place in Denmark, Germany, Austria, Switzerland and the United States on March 19, 1911. The political demand was the right to vote for women. More than one million women took to the streets, a hitherto unprecedented mass movement. On March 8, 1917, women were demonstrating on the occasion of the International Women’s Day in St. Petersburg. In textile mills workers go on strike and urge other businesses to join, so that eventually 90,000 people are on strike. On 03/12/1917 this dissatisfaction leads to a upheaval- the February Revolution – in consequence of which the Tsar abdicates and a provisional civil government takes over.
Due to this epochal significant event, the International Women’s Day is set in the future on March 8.
The rocky road to equality between man and woman
Today we can look back on important milestones on the road to equality: 90 years women suffrage, 60 years equality article in the constitution, 50 years equality law.
Women have come a long way. Nevertheless, real equality in politics, business and society looks different. Today it’s about equality of opportunity and equal participation of women in working life and in decision making, and social resources. In Germany, women still earn up to 23 percent less than men. Many of them still struggle daily to find a balance between family and career. And many women would like to get the same career oportunities as their male colleagues.
Year after year – one day in March
Thus on March 8 women worldwide demonstrate on the occasion of International Women’s Day for their rights. Hence, the International Women’s Day is not out-of-date, even after 100 years, and serves today not only as self-assurance and the memory of the pioneers of women’s suffrage. Also in Dresden, there are many events on the subject. Here is an overview.